When you spend enough time in the backcountry, you begin to see beyond those sweeping natural vistas. You start to discern fine details in what used to be a solid painted canvas. Whether you notice a plastic bag fluttering in the wind, an eroding switchback shortcut, or aluminum cans at a campsite, human impact is changing the places we love.

Last summer, I spent a week in the Bugaboos. It was my second time visiting the climbing mecca and I divided my time ascending granite spires and spending rest days in Applebee Dome Campground. We’d come on the tail end of the high season and I began to notice a few things. Several visitors had left trash behind in empty bear lockers. Snow had melted on the col, revealing human waste. It was clear that despite the park’s diligent preservation efforts – including the provision of pit toilets and designated campgrounds – heavy seasonal crowds were degrading the fragile alpine landscape.

More people are spending time outside than ever before. In its annual outdoor participation report, the Outdoor Industry Association documented a net increase of 1.7 million people participating in outdoor activities from 2016 to 2017. Outdoor enthusiasts as a whole care about the environment, but our increasing impact is becoming uncomfortably visible. We’re loving places to death. To ensure the livelihood of our beloved natural playgrounds, we need to become better environmental stewards.

Following the seven “Leave No Trace Principles” is a great place to start, but there’s much more you can do. Whether you enjoy climbing mountains, kayaking rivers, or hiking trails, it’s easy to take steps to reduce your environmental footprint.

Dog on therm-a-rest sleeping pad

Buy Gear Meant to Last

Exploring the backcountry requires owning the proper equipment. Outdoor lovers are often regarded as gear junkies – and I’m no exception. The more time you spend outdoors, the faster your gear wears out and you need to replace it. If you’re new to a sport, it’s tempting to save money and invest in low-quality products. But buying gear meant to last is more economical in the long run. It’s also more eco-friendly — reducing the number of tents, pads, and sleeping bags that end up in landfills. Therm-a-Rest designs and manufactures sleeping pads meant to last a lifetime. I’ve been resting on my NeoAir XTherm for years and have yet needed to repair it- despite countless nights bivvying in the alpine.

repurpose used gear

Repurpose Retired Equipment

While you can’t use all outdoor gear forever, you can choose to repurpose retired equipment instead of throwing it away. As a climber, regularly replacing my rope and soft goods is a measure of safety. Retired climbing ropes make for aesthetic rugs, dog leashes, beer coozies, and more — the possibilities are endless. It’s popular for snow sports lovers to turn retired skis and snowboards into Adirondack chairs, benches, shelves, and rustic home decor.

If you need to upgrade the gear you have and it’s still useful, consider selling it through gear swaps or donating it to organizations in need. Programs like Gear Forward accept gently used outdoor gear and gift it to the next generation of adventurers while Bikes Not Bombs refurbish old bicycles to help transform communities in developing nations.

Plastic free food storage

Rethink Food Storage

Plastic pollution is one of the biggest issues plaguing the planet. Backcountry travel often resigns us to storing food and water in plastic throw-away baggies and bottles. Plastic breaks down into microscopic particles over hundreds of years without biodegrading — meaning that bottle you dropped on the trail will be around long after you’re gone.

Serious backpackers know that purchasing single use energy bars and gels — as opposed to buying in bulk — keep pack weights down. While the mantra “every ounce counts” applies to most outdoor activities, rethinking the way you store your food is better for the environment. As an alternative to single-use plastic baggies, opt to use compostable beeswax or vegan wax wraps. Wax wraps are lightweight, protect your food, and flexible enough to shape into any kind of lunch box, snack pack, or food seal. You can reuse wax wraps dozens of times — and once they’ve lost their form, repurpose or compost them — making for an ideal alternative to plastic.

Recycle Fuel Canisters

Single-use fuel canisters are filling our landfills, despite being recyclable by nature. But don’t make the mistake of tossing one into your curbside bin — it’s destined for a landfill. Many facilities will allow you to recycle butane (aluminum) containers on site if you follow instructions to ensure they’re empty. This usually means puncturing the canister and venting the fuel (bottle openers work great for this purpose). Some facilities will accept empty propane (steel) containers as well, but you’ll need to double check with the center.

Mountain Safety Research is upping the ante and giving people who return empty canisters to its Seattle headquarters’ repair shop 20-percent off of new a MSR fuel canister purchase. The best thing to do? Invest in refillable fuel canisters, but due to travel restrictions, that’s not an option for everyone.

Eating lunch climbing

Go Above and Beyond

Limited wild spaces and increasing human impact means ethical compliance is simply not enough to preserve the environment for future generations to enjoy. We should collectively strive to leave the outdoors the way we found it — but those with the means should aim to make it better.

When you’re climbing outdoors, brush off your chalk marks and choose liquid over the powdered form, as liquid chalk leaves less residue. When you’re hiking, pick up any trash you find on the trail, avoid bushwhacking, and don’t cut switchbacks. Volunteer for a trail day to learn how much work goes into creating and maintaining hiking trails — you’ll be less likely to leave the beaten path in the future.

Final Thoughts/ A Better Tomorrow

It’s easy to get discouraged by somber facts and figures, so focus on the positive. More people are enjoying the outdoors than ever — which boosts the industry and creates new resources for conservation. Let’s tip the scales in favor of the outdoors and transform the principles of “leave no trace” into environmental restoration.